3 Grades of Bone Cement Implantation Syndrome

Bone Cement Implantation syndrome (BCIS) is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in patients undergoing cement implantation. There are three grades of BCIS Grade 1: moderate hypotension or hypoxia Grade 2: severe hypotension or hypoxia or unexpected LOC Grade 3: cardiovascular collapse requiring CPR External Links Oup