Peak bone mass, as the term suggests, is the maximum amount of bone that forms in your skeleton. Now, you do know already that females mature faster than males. This age for skeletal maturity is 14 for girls and in average 16 for boys. Here, are the 8 important facts that you must know about… Continue reading Peak bone mass and 7 factors that affect it
Age related changes in bone occur before birth till death. The changes from utero to childhood to maturity and till adults are presented here. Age related changes in bone is a must know topic for all orthopedic surgeons. It is equally important to all residents for gaining knowledge and passing exams as well. We present… Continue reading Age related changes in bone (13 changes)to know
Complications of bone cement are important for all surgeons involved in bone cement application. Here are 6 of them Transitory fall in BP Thrombophlebitis Superficial or deep wound infection Heterotrophic bone formation Bursitis Bone cement implantation syndrome (BCIS) The immediate or intra-operative complications are transitory fall in BP and BCIS. The early complications are thrombophlebitis… Continue reading 6 Complications of Bone Cement that you must be aware!
Bone Cement Implantation syndrome (BCIS) is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in patients undergoing cement implantation. There are three grades of BCIS Grade 1: moderate hypotension or hypoxia Grade 2: severe hypotension or hypoxia or unexpected LOC Grade 3: cardiovascular collapse requiring CPR External Links Oup
Classification of VIC is good for information purposes. Here are these 5 classifications Bunnel Pedemonte Merle D’ Aubigne Seddon Tsuge 1. Bunnel’s classification – Bunnel 1944 – Surgery of the Hand Simple Severe 2. Pedemonte classification – 1948 classic or favorable useless hand 3. Merle D’ Aubigne – 1955 VIC without claw hand VIC with… Continue reading 5 Classification of VIC (Volkmann’s Ischemic Contracture)
Causes of VIC is a must know subject for every medical personnel. Ever since Richard Von Volkmann first published reports of Volkmann Ischemic Contracture (VIC) and Compartment syndrome in 1881, there has been a lot of studies. Here are the causative factors of Volkmann’s Ischemic contracture Long bone fractures (most common from supracondylar fractures in… Continue reading 7 causes of VIC (Volkmann’s Ischemic Contracture)
The phases of gait cycle are stance (60%) and swing phase (40%). One gait signifies one stride. Traditional Scale Ranchos Los Amigos Scale Heel strike Initial contact Foot flat Loading response Midstance Midstance Heel off Terminal stance Toe off Pre-swing Acceleration Initial swing Midswing Mid swing Deceleration Terminal swing Phases of Gait Cycle
Find the best definition of gait here